Showing posts with label consumer prices. Show all posts
Showing posts with label consumer prices. Show all posts

Wednesday, November 10, 2021

Atlanta area consumer prices rise 7.9% over the year; gasoline prices soar 55.7%

 CPI-U-Atlanta

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, metropolitan area (CPI-U-Atlanta) increased 1.5% for the two months ending in October before seasonal adjustment according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. For the 12 months ending in October, the CPI-U Atlanta index rose 7.9%. 

Over the two-month period, food prices in the Atlanta area increased 1.3%, while energy prices rose 3.3%. The index for all items excluding food and energy moved up by 1.3%. Over the 12 months ending in October, food prices increased 2.4% and energy prices rose 28.2%. The index for all items excluding food and energy moved up by 7.0%. 

The 7.9% increase in the all-items cost-of-living index for the Atlanta area was the largest 12-month increase for any October since October 1981 and was the largest increase recorded for any 12-month period since June 1982, when prices for the Atlanta area rose by 8.1%. 

Index components 

Cost-of-living indexes for food and beverages, housing, and transportation in the Atlanta area all rose significantly in the two months ending in October. 

Food and beverages costs increased 1.3% over the two months ending in October. Costs for food at home rose by 1.5%, while costs for food away from home were up by 1.1%. For the 12 months ending in October the food and beverages index moved up by 2.4% as costs for food at home increased 2.3% and costs for food away from home rose by 2.4%. 

Housing costs increased 1.7% over the two-month period. Costs for shelter rose 1.6%, while fuels and utilities costs rose 1.5%. Within the utilities index, electricity costs were unchanged over the previous two months. Since October 2020, housing costs in the Atlanta area have risen 6.0%, as the costs of shelter rose 6.7%, and fuels and utilities costs rose 5.1%. Electricity costs in the Atlanta area have risen 1.4% since last October. 

Apparel costs increased 0.4% over two months, while the price index rose 11.0% for the twelve months ending in October. 

Transportation costs rose by 3.0% over the past two months. Prices for used cars and trucks declined by 0.8%, while gasoline costs increased 4.7%. Over the past year, transportation costs have increased 21.3% in the Atlanta area with costs for used cars and trucks rising by 26.2%, while gasoline costs increased 55.7%. 

Medical care costs rose by 0.5% in the two months ending in October. For the past 12 months, the medical care index has increased 2.4%. 

Recreation costs declined 0.9% in the two months ending in October. Over the past year, recreation costs have risen 8.0%. 

Education and communication costs dropped 0.6 percent over the past two months. Over the past year, education and communication costs rose 4.0%.

Other goods and services costs rose 2.1% in the two months ending in October. Over the past year, they have increased by 6.8%. 

Comparison with the nation 

The Consumer Price Index for Atlanta rose by 1.5% for the two months ending in October compared to a 1.1% increase for the nation. Food costs in the Atlanta area increased by 1.3% compared to 1.8% nationally, while energy costs rose by 3.3% compared to 3.5% for the nation. The index for all items excluding food and energy rose by 7.0% in the Atlanta area compared to 0.8% for the nation. 

Over the 12 months ending in October, the all-items index for the Atlanta area increased 7.9%, while nationally, prices rose 6.2%. Food costs in the Atlanta area increased by 2.4%, while they rose 5.3% nationally. For Atlanta, energy prices moved up 28.2% compared to 30.0% for the nation. The index for all items excluding food and energy rose by 7.0% for Atlanta and 4.6% nationally. 

Because the Atlanta area has a smaller sample than the nation as a whole, the indexes are subject to greater variance than at the national level. As BLS points out, variance is a measure of the uncertainty caused by the use of a sample of retail prices, instead of the complete universe of retail prices. Users should exercise caution when using CPI estimates to make inferences about index changes for relatively short time periods, for individual goods and services, or for local areas. The standard errors of those estimates may be on the same order of magnitude as the estimates themselves; and, thus, few inferences about them are reliable.