Showing posts with label substitute teachers. Show all posts
Showing posts with label substitute teachers. Show all posts

Monday, April 26, 2021

More than 800,000 Georgians work in low-wage occupations with substitute teachers and restaurant workers among lowest paid jobs


Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Short-term substitute teachers and restaurant workers were among the lowest paid occupations in Georgia according to survey data released in April by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics program.

In Georgia, the median wage for a substitute teacher was $9.08 per hour, while waiters and waitresses averaged $9.12. Both wage rates are classified as low wage and were less than 50 percent of the median wage of $18.59 recorded in the state for all occupations.

In all, nearly 845,000 Georgians worked in low-wage occupations where the median wage was less than $12.45 per hour. Low-wage occupations are defined as those that pay 2/3’s or less of the state’s median wage. Approximately 1.4 million Georgians are in occupations where the median wage is below $15 per hour.

Substitute teachers

The median wage for substitute teachers in metro areas of Georgia ranged from $8.61 in the Columbus metro area to $11.74 in the Hinesville metro area. The Atlanta metro area, which was home to largest percentage of substitute teachers in the state, paid a median wage of $9.09, close to the state average.

While the median wage was relatively uniform among areas, some areas reported a much higher average wage. The Valdosta metro area posted a median wage of $8.98 per hour, but an average wage of $17.54. The Macon area recorded a median wage of $11.65 but an average wage of $14.71.

The median wage provides the middle number among workers, the average reflects wages that tend to be outliers both at the lower and higher ends of the range. In a normal distribution of wages, the median and average wage would be close, but a higher average wage as compared to the median reflects higher wages being paid for some substitutes, perhaps reflecting more years of service to their educational systems or pay for some additional skills or educational background.

Restaurant workers

Of the lowest paid occupations in the state, those occupations with a median pay of between $9 to $10 per hour, 80 percent (237,000) were in occupations normally associated with full-service and limited-service restaurants.

The largest group were fast food and counter workers with median wages of $9.29 per hour followed by waiters and waitresses with median wages of $9.12. The highest paid group were dishwashers with median wages of $

In May 2020, eight food-related occupations employed more than 247,000 people in Georgia, while in May 2019, these same occupations employed more than 289,000 workers, a more than 15 percent decline.

Combined, these seven occupations employed more than 237,000 people in the state in 2020 with a median wage of less than $9.30 per hour.

With the coronavirus-related restrictions on restaurants, the number of people in these food-related positions actually declined 14 percent from 2019, when they totaled 275,660 workers.

About the data

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey

measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm

establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-

industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas,

including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs),

nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the

NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels;

and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals.


The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies

(SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while

the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed

from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels

of approximately 180,000 to 185,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel

in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other

electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2020 estimates are based

on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2020,

November 2019, May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, and November 2017. The unweighted

sampled employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents

approximately 56 percent of total national employment. The overall national response

rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 69

percent based on establishments and 66 percent based on weighted sampled employment.